In general, the funds and programmes are established by a resolution of the UN General Assembly and have a focused mandate. They are funded either mainly or entirely through voluntary contributions and have a governing body that reviews their activities. Coordination is facilitated through ECOSOC and the Chief Executives Board (CEB).
UN Member States are elected to the governing bodies. The UN Secretary-General usually appoints the heads of the Funds, Programmes and other Entities.
Funds and Programmes