Establishment of United Nations Observer Mission El Salvador (ONUSAL)
The deployment of the United Nations Observer Mission El Salvador (ONUSAL) in 1991 was part of an expansion of UN peacekeeping in the early 1990’s. The cold war was over. With a new consensus and a common sense of purpose, the Security Council authorized a total of 20 new operations between 1989 and 1994, raising the number of peacekeepers from 11,000 to 75,000.
Peacekeeping operations in Asia, Europe, Central America, and Africa carried out ambitious missions. In El Salvador, for example, ONUSAL’s mandate was to verify implementation of all agreements between the Government of El Salvador and the Frente Farabundo Marti para la Liberacion Nacional, including a ceasefire and related measures, reform and reduction of the armed forces, creation of a new police force, reform of the judicial and electoral systems, human rights, land tenure and other economic and social issues.