The use of sexual violence in armed conflict and post-conflict situations is one of the worst global protection challenges due to its scale, prevalence and profound impact. The widespread use of sexual violence in conflicts such as in Rwanda, the Former Yugoslavia, and Sierra Leone led to the adoption of Security Council Resolution 1820 in 2008. The Council recognised that the deliberate use of sexual violence as a tactic of war exacerbates situations of armed conflict, impeding peace and reconciliation. Subsequent resolutions, 1888, 1960, 2106 and 2242 established the Conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) framework to combat the use of CRSV through prevention, coordinated response, and accountability within the broader framework of Women, Peace and Security.
The UN Security Council has specifically mandated UN peacekeeping operations (e.g. MINUSCA, MINUSMA, MONUSCO, UNAMID, UNMISS and UNOCI) to address CRSV. Along with other mission substantive entities, the UN military component is responsible to proactively prevent, deter perpetrators, protect civilians, especially women and children, and neutralise potential, impending and on-going CRSV threats. To facilitate peacekeepers in carrying out these mandated tasks, the UN-CRSV Specialized Training Materials (STM) package have been developed. These materials familiarise peacekeepers with the concept of CRSV, clarify roles and responsibilities, and equip them with tools to proactively address CRSV in their operational environment.
Instructor Notes and Guidance
How to use this pack
1. This pack has been developed as a resource for trainers who are running the MINUSCA Scenario-based Exercises (SBEs) on Conflict-Related Sexual Violence (CRSV). The training pack contains 5 scenario-based exercises and 7 Snap Situation.
2. The Scenarios are conceived for a detailed analysis of critical CSRV situations, each of them consist of a one page hand out that participants are given to work on in groups of five to eight people. They are tasked with preparing a 10 minute presentation back to the plenary, which will be followed by a general discussion and de-brief. There is some flexibility around the timing of these exercises and snap situations (depending on whether they are delivered as part of a broader training module or in a stand-alone format, and depending on how detailed the discussions on each scenario and snap situation should be and obviously depending on the audience), but they will probably take between 1.5 and 2.5 hours to deliver. In addition, the previous knowledge of the UN Core Pre-deployment training Materials and Protection of Civilians Materials are mandatory and essential.
This will be broken down as follows:
Module 1: MINUSCA
Module 2: MINUSMA
Module 3: MONUSCO
Module 4: UNAMID
Module 5: UNMISS
Module 6: UNOCI