Specialised Training Materials (STM)

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For any proposal of update or improvement of this package, or any questions pertaining to the training materials, please contact the project leader

Mr. Rafael Barbieri (barbieri@un.org) or write to peacekeeping-training@un.org.

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STM on Military Observers 2019


The UN Department of Peace Operations (DPO) has developed a suite of training packages to prepare peacekeepers for their deployment in missions. Amongst these packages are the Specialised Training Materials for specific military duties and military units. In the current peacekeeping environment, United Nations Military Observers (UNMO) are frequently unarmed and operating in remote areas with fragile security conditions. UNMO roles of monitoring and supervising ceasefires, truces and armistice are evolving and adapting in this new complex operational environment.    UNMO are required to undergo a more robust pre-deployment training program in accordance with DPO's Operational Readiness Assurance and Performance Standards. This revised Specialised Training Material packet will provide member states with the UN pre-deployment requirements, lesson plans, and materials specifically designed for UNMO.  This STM replaces the guidelines and training materials outlined in United Nations Military Experts on Mission (MEOM / March 2010) designed for Military Liaison Officers (MLOs), UNMO, and Military Advisers (MILADs). 


The aim of these training materials is to provide member states with a comprehensive training package that combines the Conceptual, Legal, and Operational Frameworks.  The STM mainstreams relevant aspects of the Protection of Civilians, Gender, Security Risk Management (SRM) and IED safety into the frameworks and materials. The STM includes small learning activities / exercises, as well as, a more comprehensive scenario-based exercise, which can be run at the end of a course to strengthen participants’ understanding how better to operate in a UN Peacekeeping environment. The training packages are designed for application in both pre-deployment and in-mission training.

UNMO STM Instructional Materials 

UNMO STM 2019 Instructional Materials 

UNMO STM Training Guidance  

UNMO STM 2019 Training Guidance

Powerpoint Slides Lesson Presentations (Click below to download the files)

Lesson 1.1 UNMO Overview in UN Peacekeeping

Lesson 1.2 UNMO Command and Control and Structure

Lesson 1.3 UNMO Concept of Support

Lesson 1.4 United Nations Peacekeeping Intelligence

Lesson 1.5 Safety and Security

Lesson 2.1 International Legal Framework

Lesson 2.2 United Nations Peace Operations Specific Legal Framework

Lesson 3.1 Basic UN Investigation and Verification Techniques

Lesson 3.2 Liaison and Coordination

Lesson 3.3 Negotiation and Mediation

Lesson 3.4 Interviewing Techniques

Lesson 3.5 Weapons, Vehicles, and Aircraft Recognition

Lesson 3.6 Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR)

Lesson 3.7 Mines, Explosive Remnants of War, Improvised Explosive Devices & Crater Analysis

Lesson 3.8 Language Assistants

Lesson 3.9 Media Relations

Lesson 3.10 Procedures for Reporting

Learning Activities and Table Top Exercise (TTX) (Click below to download the files)

Lesson 3.1 Learning Activity Basic Investigation and Verification Techniques- Role Playing Exercise

Lesson 3.2 and 3.4 Learning Activity Liaison and Interviewing Techniques- Role Playing Exercise

Lesson 3.3 and 3.8 Learning Activity Negotiation, Mediation and Use of Language Assistants- Role Playing Exercise

Lesson 3.6 Learning Activity Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR)- Role Playing Exercise

Lesson 3.9 Learning Activity- Media Relations Role- Playing Exercise

Lesson 3.10 Learning Activity- Reporting Procedures- Role Playing Exercise Learning Activity-UNMO STM

TTX Instructor's Guidance

TTX Student's Guidance  

References and Background Materials (Click below to download the files)

Comprehensive Protection of Civilians Training Materials (CPOC STM) 

Formats - All Reports 

Guidelines  for Design, Delivery and Evaluation of Training (Training Cycle)

Guidelines for United Nations Military Observers (UNMO) in Peacekeeping Operations (Ref. 2016.25) 


Click here to download the full packages of training materials (Zip Files) 

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