Comprehensive Protection of Civilians Training Materials (CPOC) for United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

Resource Persons

Integrated Training Service
DPET/DPO, United Nations

For any proposal of update or improvement of this package, or any questions pertaining to the training materials, please contact the project leader

Mr. Rafael Barbieri ( or write to

Comprehensive Protection of Civilian for Military Units


The aim of these training materials is to provide troop-contributing countries with a comprehensive training package that combines aspects of POC, Child Protection and Conflict-Related Sexual Violence for military peacekeepers at the tactical level in UN peacekeeping operations. This programme combines elements of each of the three subject matter areas into an overall approach to tactical level protection issues.  It includes a protection threat assessment process to inform planning and several small exercises as well as a larger scenario-based exercise, which can be run at the end of a course to strengthen participants’ understanding how POC, Child Protection and Conflict-Related Sexual Violence considerations affect military planning processes at the tactical level.

The training package is primarily designed for pre-deployment training but can also be used for in-mission training. ITS will also mainstream relevant aspects of the CPOC package into existing functional Specialized Training Materials.

Target audience

The priority target audience of this CPOC package are military decision makers at the tactical level. While the Conceptual and Legal Frameworks presented herein lend themselves to a wider audience, Module 3 on the Operational Framework in particular was developed with Battalion Commanders, as leaders of the smallest military unit capable of limited independent operations, and their staff in mind.

To maximize the relevance of this training package to the target audience, Module 3 on the Operational Framework focuses on how protection considerations should be integrated into the generic military decision making and planning processes at the tactical level. Existing UN guidance as well as complementary external guidance is therefore presented only to the extent that they are relevant for tactical level considerations.




The material was developed with input from Member States and the maps used for the exercise were provided by the Government of the Kingdom of Sweden. We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of all who contributed to the development of the Comprehensive Protection of Civilians training materials.

Structure of the training materials
The package is constructed in three modules:
Module 1:                    Conceptual Framework
Lesson 1.1:                   Introduction
Lesson 1.2:                   Definitions & Terminology
Lesson 1.3:                   Protection Actors
Lesson 1.4:                   Principles of POC in Peacekeeping
Lesson 1.5:                   Operational Concept
Lesson 1.6:                   Mission Challenges
Lesson 1.7:                   Special Considerations for Conflict-Related Sexual Violence
Lesson 1.8:                   Special Considerations for Child Protection
Module 2:                    Legal Framework
Lesson 2.1:                   International Law
Lesson 2.2:                   UN Legal and Policy Framework
Lesson 2.3:                   Mission Specific Legal Framework
Module 3:                    Operational Framework
Lesson 3.1:                   Relevant documents for Tactical Planning & Mission POC Strategy
Lesson 3.2:                   Implementing Guidelines for Military Components
Lesson 3.3:                   Phases of Response and Use of Force
Lesson 3.4:                   Tactical Decision Making Process Considerations

Instructional Materials

Presentations by Module

Scenario Based Exercise

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