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United Nations Peacekeeping Resource Hub (EN)

Peacekeeping Training

Peacekeeping training is defined as any training activity which aims to enhance mandate implementation by equipping UN military, police or civilian personnel, both individually and collectively, with the knowledge, skills and attitudes to enable them to:

a) meet the evolving challenges of peacekeeping operations in accordance with principles, policies and guidelines, as well as lessons learnt from the field;

b) perform their specialist functions in an effective, professional and integrated manner and;

c) demonstrate the core values and competencies of the UN.

In General Assembly Resolution A/RES/49/37 (1995), Member States recognized their responsibility for the training of uniformed personnel for UN peacekeeping operations and requested the Secretary-General to develop training materials and establish a range of measures to assist Member States in this regard. With the restructuring of Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) and establishment of Department of Field Support (DFS) in 2007, the Integrated Training Service (ITS) in DPET was created as the responsibility centre for peacekeeping training.

Peacekeeping training is regarded as strategic investment that enables UN military, police and civilian staff to effectively implement increasingly multifaceted mandates.

Main Training Services

The Civilian Pre-Deployment Training (CPT) is one of the primary tools used by DPO/DOS to improve preparedness, effectiveness and productivity of civilian peacekeepers. It helps generate competent, institutionally knowledgeable, and ethically aware civilian peacekeepers capable of serving in dangerous and complex peacekeeping environments. ITS has a dedicated team that delivers CPT at the United Nations Regional Service Centre in Entebbe, Uganda.

Member States are responsible for delivering the pre-deployment training (PDT) to all personnel provided to United Nations peacekeeping operations, in accordance with General Assembly resolution A/RES/49/37. The curriculum should be based on UN peacekeeping pre-deployment training standards and materials, that ITS develops and updates.

ITS provides substantive support on training-related issues, such as conducting training needs assessment and evaluation, advice on training development, methodology and delivery for specialist trainers in DPO, DOS and to field-based trainers. ITS also supports Integrated Mission Training Centres (IMTCs) with operational guidance and advice.

ITS organizes and provides on-site assistance to Member States, Peacekeeping Training Institutions (PKTIs) and Field Missions through Mobile Training Support Teams and conducts Training Recognition exercises on peacekeeping training delivered by external training institutions.

ITS delivers and continuously updates the Senior Leadership Programme (SLP) and Senior Mission Leaders (SML) course, as well as the Senior Mission Administration and Resources (SMART) programme. These courses address training needs of those who are responsible for mission management from the highest levels (SRSG, DSRSG, Force Commander or Head of Military Component, Police Commissioner) to Directors and senior managers of substantive and support components.

ITS Roles and Responsibilities

Develop training standards, policies and materials

ITS develops DPO/DOS guidance materials such as peacekeeping training policies, standard operating procedures and guidelines. Working in collaboration with Member States, peacekeeping training institutions (PKTIs) and substantive experts, ITS develops training materials, such as the Core Pre-Deployment Training Materials (CPTMs-EN)(ES)(FR), as well as Specialized Training Materials (STMs). It also coordinates knowledge and information management activities related to training for the benefit of DPO-led missions, DPO/DOS at Headquarters and Member States.


Develop and deliver cross-cutting peacekeeping training

ITS develops general and mission-specific pre-deployment peacekeeping training standards and materials, and conducts civilian pre-deployment training, cross-cutting and management development programmes. To advance these and other peacekeeping training agenda, ITS works in partnerships with Member States and their associated peacekeeping training institutions; specialist trainers in DPO/DOS and Integrated Mission Training Centres (IMTCs).

Oversee peacekeeping training activities and provide technical support

ITS establishes cross-cutting peacekeeping training strategies, implements work plans and is at the centre of planning and reporting on the training budget for DPO and DOS, providing programmatic and substantive review of reports, briefing notes, statements and other documents and communications on and advocacy for peacekeeping training.

ITS Resources, Materials, and Reports

The e-Guide is an induction and reference tool to the Pillar, and to those offices that support it. Jointly developed by DPO, DPPA and DOS, this online tool provides details on the functions and objectives of the Peace and Security Pillar and supporting offices. It also serves to complement the face-to-face induction course organized for new DPO, DPPA and DOS staff. In addition to information on the three Departments, the e-Guide includes modules on peacekeeping and special political missions, Security Council and General Assembly bodies, Secretariat Departments, and Agencies, Funds and Programmes collaborating with the Peace and Security Pillar. The e-Guide also includes learning, guidance and communication resources for staff as well as practical information on working at UN Headquarters. The e-Guide will help forge a better shared understanding of the Peace and Security Pillar for both new and current staff.

Note: We recommend downloading the PDF to your desktop and opening it with adobe PDF reader to ensure the full functionality of the e-Guide.

  •  United Nations Core Values and Competencies

This online training course, which forms part of the mandatory Mission-Specific Induction Training for UN Peacekeeping Personnel, is intended for all peacekeeping personnel to enhance their knowledge of the United Nations values and competencies. Integrating competencies into the Organization is an ongoing process. Through the course, learners are urged to use and observe the competencies in their daily work and in discussing staff development and performance management issues. 

  • UN Mission Structures

This online training course, an integral part of the mandatory Mission-Specific Induction Training for UN Peacekeeping Personnel, discusses the roles of components of the UN peacekeeping operations, outlines positions of authority, and explains the relationship between the support and substantive components of a peacekeeping mission.

  • HIV and AIDS in Peacekeeping Operations

This online training course, which forms part of the mandatory Mission-Specific Induction Training for UN Peacekeeping Personnel, explores the transmission and means of prevention of HIV and AIDS, ways of treatment and support in missions, and ways to deal with the stigma associated with HIV and AIDS. 

  • UN Aviation Safety Awareness

This online training course, an integral part of the mandatory Mission-Specific Induction Training for UN Peacekeeping Personnel, covers topics on United Nations mission aviation operations, the DPKO/DFS Safety Management System, aviation emergency process, among others to increase the knowledge and awareness of all peacekeeping personnel about aviation safety.

  • Integrating Gender into Peacekeeping Operations

This online course, which forms part of the mandatory Mission-Specific Induction Training for UN Peacekeeping Personnel, discusses gender concepts, mandate and policies on gender, and how the United Nations mainstreams gender into peacekeeping operations.

  • Landmines and Explosives Remnants of War

This online course on Landmines and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) and Other Explosive Hazards is part of the mandatory Mission-Specific Induction Training for UN Peacekeeping Personnel. It has been developed to outline the threats posed by landmines, unexploded ordnances (UXO) and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) to United Nations staff, peacekeepers and aid workers operating in mine-affected areas and the actions being taken to mitigate these threats.

  • United Nations Peacekeeping Operations: An Introduction

This is a 3-4 hours self-paced course to introduce newly appointed personnel to UN peacekeeping operations. It provides a basic understanding of the evolution of peacekeeping, its composition, decision making bodies and mandates. The course is intended for all personnel of UN peacekeeping missions including international and national civilian staff, United Nations Volunteers, Military and UN Police. Other e-learning courses are also available for staff.

The 2010 Policy on Training for all United Nations Peacekeeping Personnel set by the Departments of Peacekeeping Operations and Field Support (DPKO-DFS), determines that the Integrated Training Service (ITS) has the responsibility to conduct periodic training needs assessments (TNAs), to identify what priority training is required to implement Security Council mandates. All training needs assessments conducted by the Integrated Training Service are available below.

Formed Police Unit Command Staff Training Needs Assessment

Conducted in 2017-18, to identify training needs of commanders and command staff of Formed Police Units (FPUs) and gaps in pre-deployment training of FPU command staff.

Protection of Civilians Training Needs Assessment

Conducted in 2016-17, to identify performance gaps in the implementation of the UN Protection of Civilians (POC) mandate and identify where implementation can be strengthened through training in peacekeeping missions. The TNA assessed current POC training provided in those peacekeeping missions with their own POC mandate, determined the level of POC understanding and knowledge among peacekeeping personnel involved in the delivery of the POC mandate, identified integrated POC tasks mission to mission and made recommendations for a coherent and coordinated POC training strategy in order to address the identified gaps.

Global Peacekeeping Training Needs Assessment

Conducted in 2012-13, to determine the knowledge, skills and behaviors required for effective mandate implementation; identify performance and skills gaps that can be addressed through training; and assess current peacekeeping training activities and mechanisms.

ITS Structures

ITS Teams and Products

Key work products

The team is responsible for all budget, finance and human resources management issues on behalf of ITS staff. Its main interlocutor is the Executive Office. Some of the products being focused on include:

  • Analyse and prepare proposed annual training plan for ITS
  • Monitor and support ITS training budget (QSA fund), donor funding (LLA fund), and OHRM learning and career development funding (ZTA fund)
  • Provide support to ITS staff recruitment, replacement, and contract extension
  • Monitor inputs into audit reports on ITS
Relationship with others in DPO/DOS and elsewhere
  • Major interlocutor is the Executive Office and regular interaction is held with the representatives on regular basis
  • Regular interaction with the DPO/DOS Training Focal Points
  • Interactions is also conducted periodically with FBFD
Key work products

The team is responsible for development and dissemination of peacekeeping training policies, standard operating procedures (SOP) and guidelines. The team also assesses needs for guidance materials and training, reviews processes and monitors implementation of policies and standards.

Main work outputs for the current planning cycle include:

  • Development of Partnership Strategy for Member States
  • Review/ development of SOP on Mobile Training Support Teams and Specialized Training Materials
  • Finalizing and dissemination of the Practical Guide on Peacekeeping Training Evaluation
  • Updating and monitoring the usage of the Induction e-Guide
Relationship with others in DPO/DOS and elsewhere
  • The team cooperates closely with DPO and DOS offices responsible for development of doctrine, guidance frameworks and capability standards
  • The team regularly reviews reports of the SG, resolutions and decisions of deliberative bodies and identifies potential implications for peacekeeping training
  • The team prepares ITS reports on DPO-DOS training activities to Member State bodies such as ACABQ, C-34, Fourth and Fifth Committees
Key work products

The main products include:

  • Training Development
  • Training-of-Trainers
  • Training Recognition
  • Mobile Training Support
  • Other Training Support to UN Agencies, Member States and Regional Organizations

Relationship with others in DPO/DOS and elsewhere
  • MSST liaises and works closely with the Office of Military Affairs and the Police Division on cross-cutting issues on peacekeeping related issues. MSST takes part in all Operational Advisory Visit to emerging TCCs/PCCs. It also joins OMA on operational readiness inspections/visit to Regional organization. For instance, a staff from MSST was part of DPO/DOS Team which paid a three-day working visit to AU HQ in Addis Ababa in May for operational assessment of the African Standby Force
Key work products

The team is responsible for provision of strategic guidance and support to the coordination, planning, designing delivery, monitoring and evaluation of field training; delivery of civilian pre-deployment training; liaison between OHRM and field trainers; and information management for ITS. Some of the products being focused on include:

  • Provision of strategic guidance to missions on daily basis
  • Delivery of Civilian Pre-deployment Training
  • Development of Guidance for Mission Training Plan and Budget
  • Development of online courses including those on sessions taught at the Mission-specific Induction Training
  • Issuance of strategic guidance and quick reference guides to missions on various initiatives
  • Coordination of the development, deployment and delivery of Secretariat and OHRM-led courses in the field, including Management programmes.
  • Liaison with DOS, OHRM, DPPA and other UNHQ units on issues relating to the field and on behalf of IMTCs/Mission Training Focal Points
  • Preparation of ITS inputs into policies and documents that impact on field training and DPET responses on audit of mission training
  • Deployment of and support to the use of Learning Management Systems in the field
  • Maintenance of Training Community of Practice
  • Conduct of Mobile Training Support to Missions on POC, TTXs and other initiatives
  • Conduct of training and development activities for mission trainers and strengthening of integration of IMTC cells
  • Coordination of reporting of all peace operations training undertaken in missions and maintenance of Mission Trainers’ lists.

Relationship with others in DPO/DOS and elsewhere    

  • Regular interaction with IMTCs/Training Focal Points
  • Regular interaction with OHRM
  • Regular interaction with HQ Training Focal Points, OMA, PD, DPA, Procurement Division, Conduct & Discipline and other departments and agencies such as OHCHR, UNITAR, UNSSC and UNV
  • ITS Focal Point on various working groups on issues relating to field training such as OHRM Learning and Career Development Strategy
  • Regular interaction with DPO & DOS Divisions/Services including CDOTS on all field training-related issues

The LMTT is made up of staff supporting the SMART, SML, SLP and other initiatives.

Key work products

The LMTT team deals with preparation and delivery of the Senior Mission Administration and Resource Training (SMART) Programme. The overall goal of the Programme is to build a pool of future senior managers in Mission Support who would be able to manage support functions across organizational boundaries in an effective and efficient manner. The team also manages the planning and delivery of the Senior Mission Leaders course (SML), a ten-day programme conducted by DPO in conjunction with a host Member State and the Senior Leadership Programme, (SLP), a mandatory five-day course for mission senior leaders. The SML is designed to prepare participants to assume roles and responsibilities associated with serving as a member of a mission’s leadership team, including such roles as Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG), Deputy SRSG, Force Commander, Police Commissioner, Director of Mission Support, or Chief of Staff.  The course is also intended to deepen the understanding of Member State officials of contemporary United Nations peacekeeping missions.

The Senior Leadership Programme, (SLP), is intended to provide newly-appointed senior leaders in field missions with an orientation on peacekeeping issues, such as the main challenges faced by senior leadership and the relationship between field missions and UN HQ. Participants are Field Mission senior managers at the D-2 level and above who are within their first six months of appointment, including Special Representatives of the Secretary-General and their deputies, Force Commanders, Police Commissioners Directors of Mission Support, Directors of Political Affairs and Chiefs of Staff.

Relationship with others in DPO/DOS and elsewhere    

Historically, DOS Divisions are considered as “owners” of the SMART programme. Therefore, programme preparation and implementation occur in close cooperation with the Department.

  • DOS Divisions/Offices are involved in:
    • Update of the content of SMART e-learning modules
    • Preparation and delivery of presentations and practical exercises for SMART workshop
  • DOS Directors serve as:
    • SMART Selection Committee members
    • SMART Advisory Committee members
    • SMART Programmes speakers and VTC presenters
    • Contributors to identification of the nature of materials delivered during SMART sessions.
  • SMART Programme is also prepared and delivered with the help of senior UN retirees, serving as SMART mentors. Currently five mentors (on per group) assist in the facilitation of the plenary sessions, lead breakout groups and provide advice on addressing day to day challenges and career development.
  • SMART liaises with UNOPS presenters to deliver the Foundation Prince 2 course for SMART participants
  • Other entities, used for SMART include consulting firms that provide support to its evaluation and update of the SMART e-modules.
Relationship with others, for other LMTT programmes

The LMTT also relates with Member States, other agencies and UNHQ units for the planning, design, delivery and monitoring of the SML and SLP courses

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