A letter sent by Bertrand Russell (British philosopher), 21 November 1949, in response to a query by Otto Frey, the first Director of the UN Atomic Energy Commission. One of the function s of the UN Atomic Energy Commission was to query leading scientists and intellectuals with the aim of creating a comprehensive bibliography of information and promote scientific knowledge sharing about atomic energy. Bertrand Russell later became the first President of the UK-based Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.
US military photograph of the nuclear cloud rising above Nagasaki, Japan, 9 August 1945.
Following the Nagasaki bombing and the invasion of Japan by the Soviet Union on 8 August, Emperor Hirohito intervened and ordered the Supreme Council to accept the terms the Allies had set in the Potsdam Declaration for ending the war. Japan surrendered officially on 15 August 1945.
(Library of Congress photo).
Proceedings of the discussions of the First Committee of the General Assembly on atomic energy and the role of the Atomic Energy Commission. This session was held in Paris at the Palais Chaillot. October 1948.
The Atomic Energy Commission was to make specific proposals to promote basic scientific information sharing on the peaceful use of nuclear energy; on the elimination of atomic weapons from national armaments and on the development of an effective safeguard and inspection system .
Bernard M. Baruch, United States representative and temporary Chairperson, delivers his opening address to the first meeting of the UN Atomic Energy Commission. The Baruch Plan of 14 June 1946 included the United State’s agreement to destroy its nuclear weapons on the condition that all other countries pledge not to produce them, and agree to international inspection.
At the end of 1946, the Atomic Energy Commission reported to the Security Council that “it was useless to continue its work until a political accord had been reached between the Western Powers and the Soviet Union”. In 1947, the negotiations reached an impasse; thereby implying that an agreement was going to be unlikely.
Letter from the Delegation of the Soviet Union to the Chair of the UN General Assembly’s First Committee, November 1946. In this additional proposal submitted to the First Committee, the Soviet Delegation, led by Andrei Gromyko requested for the following proposal to be put to a vote.
“The General Assembly deems it necessary that all States Members [sic] of the United Nations organization should submit information regarding armed forces and armaments in their own territory, this information to be submitted when the Security Council will consider the proposals for the general reduction of armaments