The Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) has been increasingly deploying Formed Police Units (FPU’s) in United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operations. Their core tasks are:
FPU’s should undertake their duties in accordance with the Policy on Formed Police Units in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (2010), the Guidelines for Formed Police Units on Assignment with Peace Operations and the mission specific Directives on detention, searches and use of force for members of Formed Police Units, as well as adhering to internationally recognized criminal justice standards and human rights norms and standards and upholding the highest levels of democratic principles of policing.
Insurance of appropriate skills and competencies, normally provided or supplemented during pre-deployment training, is a national responsibility. However, based on the identified training gaps and on operational experience this standardized pre-deployment curriculum for FPU shall facilitate the implementation of training standards for those Police Contributing Countries deploying FPUs (currently 21) to UN Peacekeeping Operations.
A temporary training curriculum for pre-deployment training of UN Police (individual) and FPU’s was distributed to all Police Contributing Countries (PCC) in February 2008.
The Specialized Training Material (STM) for UN Police in combination with the Core Peacekeeping Training Material (CPTM), formulate the minimum UN standards for pre-deployment training of UN Police (Individual) and also formulate parts of the minimum UN standards for pre-deployment of FPU’s. This STM builds on the previous temporary training curriculum, on the outcome of various validation workshops, training experience from recent T0T-courses, and current operational needs.
The training is composed of the Core Peacekeeping Training Modules for all peacekeepers (CPTM), relevant Specialized Training Modules (STM) for UN Police, Training Modules on Protection issues, and particular FPU topics: Firearms Training, Police Tactics & Techniques, Public Order Management, Command Staff Training. These modules cover the entire range of FPU-tasks and can be seen as the basis and guideline for any FPU-Training. The indicated duration of the lessons shall be understood as the minimum required time; the sequence of the six modules is just a recommendation based on good didactic practice. Curriculum developers, trainers and all other users are encouraged to tailor this STM to their particular training needs, the given target group and their context.
Module 1: Generic Police Topics (5 days)
CPTM-Unit 1: A Strategic Level Overview of United Nations Peacekeeping
CPTM-Unit 2: The Establishment and Functioning of UN Peacekeeping Operations
CPTM-Unit 3: Effective Mandate Implementation
CPTM-Unit 4: Standards, Values and Safety of UN Peacekeeping Personnel
Module 2: Protection Issues (2 days)
Module 3: Firearms training (7 days)
Module 4: Police Tactics & Techniques (9 days)
Module 5: Public Order Management (16 days)
Module 6: Command Staff Training (1 day)
Duration of the course:
The duration of the course will be approx. 8 weeks. The duration of the lessons above indicates the minimum required time, based on average developed trainees’ skills and knowledge.
The particular methods of training will be decided by the training staff. It is, however, recommended that due attention is paid to principles of adult learning, guided by the following:
The training sessions should therefore reflect these factors and be interactive; case studies based and make use of the trainees’ experiences.
International human rights and humanitarian law have particular implications on the roles and responsibilities of FPUs in UN Peace Operations and accordingly to their training: