Given the dynamic nature of peacekeeping and the unique challenges that peacekeeping personnel face on an everyday basis, there is a need to ensure that they are adequately equipped with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required to perform their duties.
Peacekeeping training is regarded as strategic investment that enables UN military, police and civilian staff to effectively implement increasingly multifaceted mandates.
In General Assembly resolution A/RES/49/37 (1995), Member States recognized their responsibility for the training of uniformed personnel for UN peacekeeping operations and requested the Secretary-General to develop training materials and establish a range of measures to assist Member States in this regard. With the restructuring of DPKO and establishment of DFS in 2007, the Integrated Training Service (ITS) in DPET was created as the responsibility centre for peacekeeping training.
Peacekeeping training is defined as any training activity which aims to enhance mandate implementation by equipping UN military, police or civilian personnel, both individually and collectively, with the knowledge, skills and attitudes to enable them to:
a) meet the evolving challenges of peacekeeping operations in accordance with DPKO/DFS principles, policies and guidelines, as well as lessons learnt from the field;
b) perform their specialist functions in an effective, professional and integrated manner and;
c) demonstrate the core values and competencies of the UN.
ITS develops DPKO/DFS guidance materials such as peacekeeping training policies, standard operating procedures and guidelines. Working in collaboration with Member States, peacekeeping training institutions (PKTIs) and substantive experts, ITS develops training materials, such as the Core Pre-Deployment Training Materials (CPTMs), as well as Specialized Training Materials (STMs). It also coordinates knowledge and information management activities related to training for the benefit of DPKO-led missions, DPKO/DFS at Headquarters and Member States.
ITS develops general and mission-specific pre-deployment peacekeeping training standards and materials, and conducts civilian pre-deployment training, cross-cutting and management development programmes. To advance these and other peacekeeping training agenda, ITS works in partnerships with Member States and their associated peacekeeping training institutions; specialist trainers in DPKO/DFS and Integrated Mission Training Centres (IMTCs).
ITS establishes cross-cutting peacekeeping training strategies, implements work plans and is at the centre of planning and reporting on the training budget for DPKO and DFS, providing programmatic and substantive review of reports, briefing notes, statements and other documents and communications on and advocacy for peacekeeping training.
1. Pre-Deployment Training for Civilian and Uniformed Personnel
The Civilian Pre-Deployment Training (CPT) is one of the primary tools used by DPKO-DFS to improve preparedness, effectiveness and productivity of civilian peacekeepers. It helps generate competent, institutionally knowledgeable, and ethically aware civilian peacekeepers capable of serving in dangerous and complex peacekeeping environments. ITS has a dedicated team that delivers CPTs at the United Nations Global Service Centre in Brindisi, Italy.
Member States are responsible for delivering the pre-deployment training (PDT) to all personnel provided to United Nations peacekeeping operations, in accordance with General Assembly resolution A/RES/49/37. The curriculum should be based on UN peacekeeping pre-deployment training standards and materials, that ITS develops and updates.
2. Technical support
ITS provides substantive support on training-related issues, such as conducting training needs assessment and evaluation, advice on training development, methodology and delivery for specialist trainers in DPKO, DFS and to field-based trainers. ITS also supports Integrated Mission Training Centres (IMTCs) with operational guidance and advice.
3. On-site assistance
ITS organizes and provides on-site assistance to Member States, PKTIs and Field Missions through Mobile Training Support Teams and conducts Training Recognition exercises on peacekeeping training delivered by external training institutions..
4. Senior Management Training
ITS delivers and continuously updates the Senior Leadership Programme (SLP) and Senior Mission Leaders (SML) course, as well as the Senior Mission Administration and Resources (SMART) programme. These courses address training needs of those who are responsible for mission management from the highest levels (SRSG, DSRSG, Force Commander or Head of Military Component, Police Commissioner) to Directors and senior managers of substantive and support components.
The six courses are accessible to all staff via INSPIRA https://inspira.un.org > "Main Menu" > "Self Service" > "Learning" > "My Learning" > “Browse Catalog" > “Working for the UN" > “Induction Training"
This is a 3-4 hour self-paced course to introduce newly appointed personnel to UN peacekeeping operations. It provides a basic understanding of the evolution of peacekeeping, its composition, decision making bodies and mandates. The course is intended for all personnel of UN peacekeeping missions including international and national civilian staff, United Nations Volunteers, Military and UN Police.
The overall objective of the e-Guide is to provide comprehensive information about peacekeeping. It will facilitate the transition and induction of new staff members into the DPKO-DFS Headquarters work environment and improve their performance by accelerating their abilities to adapt to the organizational culture and contribute to work processes.
Eleven lessons in a self-paced course to train United Nations Police officers and host State police officers how to mainstream gender in police activities, develop gender equality documents and prevent and investigate sexual and gender-based violence. If you are interested in enrolling in the online e-learning course, please contact please contact Ms. Lea Biason at email@example.com.
A global peacekeeping Training Needs Assessment (TNA) was conducted in 2012-13 and identified training needs among civilian, police and military personnel in peacekeeping missions, service centres and at Headquarters.
DPKO/DFS senior management endorsed the overall findings and recommendations of the TNA Final Report in July 2013.