Peacekeeping training is defined as any training activity which aims to enhance mandate implementation by equipping UN military, police or civilian personnel, both individually and collectively, with the knowledge, skills and attitudes to enable them to:
a) meet the evolving challenges of peacekeeping operations in accordance with principles, policies and guidelines, as well as lessons learnt from the field;
b) perform their specialist functions in an effective, professional and integrated manner and;
c) demonstrate the core values and competencies of the UN.
In General Assembly Resolution A/RES/49/37 (1995), Member States recognized their responsibility for the training of uniformed personnel for UN peacekeeping operations and requested the Secretary-General to develop training materials and establish a range of measures to assist Member States in this regard. With the restructuring of Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) and establishment of Department of Field Support (DFS) in 2007, the Integrated Training Service (ITS) in DPET was created as the responsibility centre for peacekeeping training.
Peacekeeping training is regarded as strategic investment that enables UN military, police and civilian staff to effectively implement increasingly multifaceted mandates.
The Civilian Pre-Deployment Training (CPT) is one of the primary tools used by DPO/DOS to improve preparedness, effectiveness and productivity of civilian peacekeepers. It helps generate competent, institutionally knowledgeable, and ethically aware civilian peacekeepers capable of serving in dangerous and complex peacekeeping environments. ITS has a dedicated team that delivers CPT at the United Nations Regional Service Centre in Entebbe, Uganda.
Member States are responsible for delivering the pre-deployment training (PDT) to all personnel provided to United Nations peacekeeping operations, in accordance with General Assembly resolution A/RES/49/37. The curriculum should be based on UN peacekeeping pre-deployment training standards and materials, that ITS develops and updates.
ITS provides substantive support on training-related issues, such as conducting training needs assessment and evaluation, advice on training development, methodology and delivery for specialist trainers in DPO, DOS and to field-based trainers. ITS also supports Integrated Mission Training Centres (IMTCs) with operational guidance and advice.
ITS organizes and provides on-site assistance to Member States, Peacekeeping Training Institutions (PKTIs) and Field Missions through Mobile Training Support Teams and conducts Training Recognition exercises on peacekeeping training delivered by external training institutions.
ITS delivers and continuously updates the Senior Leadership Programme (SLP) and Senior Mission Leaders (SML) course, as well as the Senior Mission Administration and Resources (SMART) programme. These courses address training needs of those who are responsible for mission management from the highest levels (SRSG, DSRSG, Force Commander or Head of Military Component, Police Commissioner) to Directors and senior managers of substantive and support components.
ITS develops DPO/DOS guidance materials such as peacekeeping training policies, standard operating procedures and guidelines. Working in collaboration with Member States, peacekeeping training institutions (PKTIs) and substantive experts, ITS develops training materials, such as the Core Pre-Deployment Training Materials (CPTMs), as well as Specialized Training Materials (STMs). It also coordinates knowledge and information management activities related to training for the benefit of DPO-led missions, DPO/DOS at Headquarters and Member States.
ITS develops general and mission-specific pre-deployment peacekeeping training standards and materials, and conducts civilian pre-deployment training, cross-cutting and management development programmes. To advance these and other peacekeeping training agenda, ITS works in partnerships with Member States and their associated peacekeeping training institutions; specialist trainers in DPO/DOS and Integrated Mission Training Centres (IMTCs).
ITS establishes cross-cutting peacekeeping training strategies, implements work plans and is at the centre of planning and reporting on the training budget for DPO and DOS, providing programmatic and substantive review of reports, briefing notes, statements and other documents and communications on and advocacy for peacekeeping training.
The team is responsible for all budget, finance and human resources management issues on behalf of ITS staff. Its main interlocutor is the Executive Office. Some of the products being focused on include:
The team is responsible for development and dissemination of peacekeeping training policies, standard operating procedures (SOP) and guidelines. The team also assesses needs for guidance materials and training, reviews processes and monitors implementation of policies and standards.
Main work outputs for the current planning cycle include:
The main products include:
The team is responsible for provision of strategic guidance and support to the coordination, planning, designing delivery, monitoring and evaluation of field training; delivery of civilian pre-deployment training; liaison between OHRM and field trainers; and information management for ITS. Some of the products being focused on include:
Relationship with others in DPO/DOS and elsewhere
The LMTT is made up of staff supporting the SMART, SML, SLP and other initiatives.
Key work products
The LMTT team deals with preparation and delivery of the Senior Mission Administration and Resource Training (SMART) Programme. The overall goal of the Programme is to build a pool of future senior managers in Mission Support who would be able to manage support functions across organizational boundaries in an effective and efficient manner. The team also manages the planning and delivery of the Senior Mission Leaders course (SML), a ten-day programme conducted by DPO in conjunction with a host Member State and the Senior Leadership Programme, (SLP), a mandatory five-day course for mission senior leaders. The SML is designed to prepare participants to assume roles and responsibilities associated with serving as a member of a mission’s leadership team, including such roles as Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG), Deputy SRSG, Force Commander, Police Commissioner, Director of Mission Support, or Chief of Staff. The course is also intended to deepen the understanding of Member State officials of contemporary United Nations peacekeeping missions.
The Senior Leadership Programme, (SLP), is intended to provide newly-appointed senior leaders in field missions with an orientation on peacekeeping issues, such as the main challenges faced by senior leadership and the relationship between field missions and UN HQ. Participants are Field Mission senior managers at the D-2 level and above who are within their first six months of appointment, including Special Representatives of the Secretary-General and their deputies, Force Commanders, Police Commissioners Directors of Mission Support, Directors of Political Affairs and Chiefs of Staff.
Historically, DOS Divisions are considered as “owners” of the SMART programme. Therefore, programme preparation and implementation occur in close cooperation with the Department.
The LMTT also relates with Member States, other agencies and UNHQ units for the planning, design, delivery and monitoring of the SML and SLP courses
This is a 3-4 hours self-paced course to introduce newly appointed personnel to UN peacekeeping operations. It provides a basic understanding of the evolution of peacekeeping, its composition, decision making bodies and mandates. The course is intended for all personnel of UN peacekeeping missions including international and national civilian staff, United Nations Volunteers, Military and UN Police. Other e-learning courses are also available for staff.
The overall objective of the e-Guide is to provide comprehensive information about peacekeeping. It will facilitate the transition and induction of new staff members into the DPO-DOS Headquarters work environment and improve their performance by accelerating their abilities to adapt to the organizational culture and contribute to work processes.
A global peacekeeping Training Needs Assessment (TNA) was conducted in 2012-13 and identified training needs among civilian, police and military personnel in peacekeeping missions, service centres and at Headquarters.
DPO/DOS senior management endorsed the overall findings and recommendations of the TNA Final Report in July 2013.