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Food Security and Nutrition - A Global Issue

United Nations Sustainable Development Summit 2015

Meeting of UN Task Force on Global Food and Nutrition Security -UN Photo/Rick Bajornas

In September 2015, the UN Sustainable Development Summit was held in New York. During this summit, 193 countries pledged to end hunger in the next 15 years.

Two months later, 195 nations met for the Climate change conference in Paris, where they adopted the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and recognized food security as a priority area for action.

Sustainable Development Goals - Goal 2

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture 

  • By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round.
  • By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons.
  • By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment.
  • By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality.
  • By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed.
  • Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries.
  • Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round.
  • Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility.

Zero Hunger: A UN Secretary-General Initiative

                            

"When I launched my Zero Hunger Challenge four years ago, I hoped people everywhere would share my vision of a world free from hunger and malnutrition within our lifetime."

UN Secretary-General: Ban Ki- Moon, 22 September 2016

Recent UN Official Documents: Food Security and Nutrition

SRSG on Food Security and Nutrition

Dr. David Nabarro was appointed Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Food Security and Nutrition in October 2009. He is also a Special Adviser of the Secretary-General on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.